Node.js version 14 available now

Diagnostic Report goes Stable

The diagnostic report will be released as a stable feature in Node.js 14 (it was added as an experimental feature in Node.js 12). This is an important step in the ongoing work within the project to improve and build up the diagnostics available when using Node.js and the ease with which they can be used, with much of this work is pushed forward by the Node.js Diagnostics Working Group.

V8 upgraded to V8 8.1

As always a new version of the V8 JavaScript engine brings performance tweaks and improvements as well as keeping Node.js up with the ongoing improvements in the language and runtime. This time we also have some naming fun with it being version 8 of V8 (“V8 of V8”).

  • Optional Chaining — MDN
  • Nullish Coalescing — MDN
  • Intl.DisplayNamesMDN
  • Enables calendar and numberingSystem options for Intl.DateTimeFormat MDN

Experimental Async Local Storage API

The project has been working on APIs to help manage context across Asynchronous Calls over a number of releases. The experimental Async Hooks API was introduced in earlier versions as part of this work. One of the key use cases for Async Hooks was Async Local Storage (also referred to as Continuation Local Storage). There have been a number of npm modules that have provided APIs to address this need, however, over the years these have been tricky to maintain outside of Node.js core and the project reached a consensus that exploring having Node.js provide an API would make sense. The 14.x release brings an experimental Async Local storage API (which was also backported into 13.10) https://nodejs.org/api/async_hooks.html#async_hooks_class_asynclocalstorage. We are looking for the community to try out this API and give us feedback on abstraction model, API interface, use case coverage, functional stability, naming, documentation etc. so that we can work on getting it out of experimental in later releases. The best way to provide feedback is to open an issue in the diagnostics repository here (https://github.com/nodejs/diagnostics/issues) with a title along the lines of “Experience report with AsyncLocalStorage API”.

Streams

This release includes a number of changes marked as SemVer major in the Node.js Streams implementation. These changes are intended to improve consistency across the Streams APIs to remove ambiguity and streamline behaviors across the various parts of Node.js core. As an example, http.OutgoingMessage is similar to stream.Writable and net.Socket behaves exactly like stream.Duplex. A notable change is that the `autoDestroy` option is now defaulted to true, making the stream always call `_destroy` after ending. While we don’t believe these SemVer major changes will affect most applications, as they only change edge cases, if you rely heavily on Streams it would be good to test while Node.js 14 is the current release so that it is ready for when Node.js 14 becomes LTS in October 2020.

Experimental Web Assembly System Interface

Packages written in Web Assembly for Node.js bring the opportunity for better performance and cross-platform support for certain use cases. The 14.x release includes an experimental implementation of the Web Assembly System Interface (WASI) in order to help support these use cases. While not new to Node.js v 14, this is noteworthy as WASI has the potential to significantly simplify the native modules experience. You can read more about it in the API docs: https://nodejs.org/api/wasi.html.

Removal of Experimental Modules Warning

In Node.js 13 we removed the need to include the ` — experimental-modules` flag, but when running EcmaScript Modules in Node.js, this would still result in a warning `ExperimentalWarning: The ESM module loader is experimental.`

New compiler and platform minimums

Node.js provides pre-built binaries for a number of different platforms. For each major release, the minimum toolchains are assessed and raised where appropriate.

Call to action

For the 6 months, while it is in the ‘current’ phase, Node.js 14 will receive the most new features that are contributed to Node.js. For the next 6 months, this release line is perfect for trying out the latest features, testing the compatibility of your project with the latest Node.js updates and giving us feedback so that the release is ready to transition to LTS in October.

Thank you!

We’d like to use this opportunity to say a big thank you to all the contributors and Node.js collaborators that made this release come together. We’d also like to thank the Node.js Build Working Group for ensuring we have the infrastructure to create and test releases and making the necessary upgrades to our toolchains for Node.js 14.

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